What is ESP ?

by Ghulam

What kind of food is ESP ? Or is it a boy band? heeehe..

For you as a English student must be familiar with this term. In contrast, it must be a strange term for others. For your information, this is an approach in teaching English. Because of the  urgention it also became a course in English Department, in many Universities. And it is one of primary courses in English Education Program.

DEFINITION

ESP is an approach to language teaching in which all decisions as to content and method are based on the learner’s reason for learning.

(Hutchinson et al. (1987:19))

English for Specific Purposes (ESP) is a sphere of teaching English language including Business English, Technical English, Scientific English, English for medical professionals, English for waiters, English for tourism, English for Art Purposes, etc. Aviation English as ESP is taught to pilots, air traffic controllers and civil aviation cadets who are going to use it in radio communications. ESP can be also considered as an avatar of language for specific purposes.

(Wikipedia)

 THE DIFFERENCE WITH GENEREL ENGLISH

1. The words and sentences learned, the subject matter discussed. All related to a particular field or discipline, for example, a lawyer writing a brief, or a diplomat preparing a policy paper. The courses make use of vocabulary and tasks related to the field such as negotiation skills and effective techniques for oral presentations.
2. Learning media. ESP programs use printed and audio-visual materials that are specially designed to meet the needs of a specific group of learners, usually adults. Typical ESP textbooks are English for Corporate Communications and English for Information Systems.
3. Tuition. Tuition for an ESP course may be somewhat higher than that of a general English language course. (The specialized teaching, requiring professionals, the broad range of supporting activities and facilities explain this higher cost.) In general, the course will conform to the length of a school’s regular English language programs (semester length, 4-, 6-, or 8-week summer sessions) although a highly specialized course lasting only two or three weeks might be designed to meet the needs of a specific group.

(www.pakfaizal.web.id)

 

In theory nothing, in practice a great deal.

Hutchinson et al. (1987:53)

In theory there is no difference between ESP and General English; in practice, however, there is a great deal of different. And also in methodology.

General english is usually studied for exam purposes, while ESP is studied for specific needs of the learners.

 

CHARACTERISTIC

Absolute Characteristics
1. ESP is defined to meet specific needs of the learners.
2. ESP makes use of underlying methodology and activities of the discipline it serves.
3. ESP is centered on the language appropriate to these activities in terms of grammar, lexis, register, study skills, discourse and genre.

Variable Characteristics 
1. ESP may be related to or designed for specific disciplines.
2. ESP may use, in specific teaching situations, a different methodology from that of General English.
3. ESP is likely to be designed for adult learners, either at a tertiary level institution or in a professional work situation. It could, however, be for learners at secondary school level.
4. ESP is generally designed for intermediate or advanced students.
5. Most ESP courses assume some basic knowledge of the language systems.

(www.antlab.sci.waseda.ac.jp)

 SYLLABUS EXAMPLE


Subject              : English For Specific Purposes
Department       : English Department
Program             :Strata 1 (S-1)
Credit                : 3 Credit

Purpose of The Study :
The Students are intended to understand any models, designs, methods, and evaluation tools for English Specific Purposes in order to design project out line.
Topics and Reading Assignments :
1. Introduction to the course : What is ESP
2. The origin; The Development of ESP; ESP : Approach not product.
3. Language and Description.
4. Theories of Learning
5. Needs analysis
6. Mid Term Exam
7. Approaches to course design
8. The Syllabus
9. Materials Evaluation
10. Materials Design
11. Methodology
12. Evaluation
13. The Role of Esp Teacher : Orientation
14. Final Exam
Requirements :
1. The Student must read any related literatur to enrich certain abilities on ESP.
2. The Students are suggested to take part in class discussion actively to take broad understanding on the given lecture.
3. The Students must read any realted journal to give broad understanding of the ESP.
4. Please submit your assignment on time.
Assessment :
You will be graded from A through D map out as follows :
Class Works and Participation : 15%
Mid Term Exam                        : 30%
Final Exam                                : 30%
Project                                       : 25%
Suggested Reading :
1. Hutchinson, Tom. And Alan Waters. 1990. English For Specific Purposes: A Learning-Centered Approach. Csmbridge University Press: New York.
2. Dubin, Fraida. 1986. Course Design : Development Programs and Materials for Language Learning. Cambridge University Press.
3. Subyato-Nababan, Sri Untari. 1993. Metodologi Pengajaran Bahasa. PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Jakarta.
4. Prof. Dr. IskandarWassid. 2008. Strategi Pembelajaran Bahasa. PT Remaja Rosdakarya. Jakarta.
5. Little Wood, William. 1981. Communicative Language Teaching. Cambridge Iniversity Press. London
6. Woodward, Tessa.1999. Planning Lessons and Courses. Cambridge University Press.

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